Samba is the standard Windows interoperability suite of programs for Linux and Unix. Samba is Free Software licensed under the GNU General Public License, the Samba project is a member of the Software Freedom Conservancy. Since 1992, Samba has provided secure, stable and fast file and print services for all clients using the SMB/CIFS protocol, such as all versions of DOS and Windows, OS/2, Linux and many others. Samba is an important component to seamlessly integrate Linux/Unix Servers and Desktops into Active Directory environments using the winbind daemon.

To install samba on Ubuntu, run
Below command will install SAMBA server / client applications, smbfs (to mount windows filesystem using samba)

sudo apt-get install samba smbclient smbfs

Basic configuration
To configure samba server you need to edit /etc/samba/smb.conf. After making change, you need to reload smb service. Before doing any changes we will be taking backup of original / existing smb.conf file.

cat /etc/samba/smb.conf | grep -v "^#" | grep -v "^;" | grep . > /tmp/smb.conf
mv /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.bak
mv /tmp/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf

Now we will be sharing our movies directory with windows network. To do so you need to edit smb.conf and have to add share information. Add following lines in /etc/samba/smb.conf file.

        comment = movies
        path = /movies
        browsable = yes
        writeable = yes
	public = yes

Restart smb service to apply the changes

sudo /etc/init.d/smbd restart

To access the above share in windows, go to start > run > and type


To access the above share in linux, run

smbclient //your_samba_server_ip/movies

Above share is writeable and readble to every user.

If you want to share information in read only manner and readable only to particular user then do following changes in above configuration.

        comment = movies
        path = /movies
        browsable = yes
        user = techienote
        revalidate = yes

Now you need to add user techienote to smb server.

useradd techienote
smbpasswd -a techienote

To apply changes restart smb server

/etc/init.d/smbd restart

Samba server use following ports, so you must open following ports on your firewall

port type	port no
udp		137
udp		138
tcp		139
tcp		445
Samba Server on Ubuntu
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